What Does the Bible Say About Sex: A Clear and Concise Guide

The Bible is a foundational text for millions of people around the world, offering guidance on various aspects of life, including sexuality. In Christianity, the concepts of sex and sexuality are often intertwined with morality, love, and faith. Understanding what the Bible says about sex can provide valuable insights into how we approach our own relationships and personal beliefs about sexuality.

What Does the Bible Say About Sex
What Does the Bible Say About Sex

To fully grasp the Bible’s teachings on sex, it is important to distinguish between the Old and New Testaments. Both offer perspectives on sexual behavior and morality, but their laws and perspectives may differ in certain aspects. The Bible not only provides guidelines on sexual ethics, but it also offers stories of redemption, hope, and the importance of faithfulness within romantic relationships.

Key Takeaways

  • The Bible provides guidance on sex, love, and faithfulness in relationships
  • Understanding the differences between Old and New Testament laws on sexual behavior is crucial
  • The Bible promotes redemption, hope, and sexual ethics within the context of Christian living

Biblical Foundations of Sexuality

what does the bible say about sex
Biblical Foundations of Sexuality

Creation and Sexual Purpose

In the beginning, God created Adam and Eve, the first human couple, and gave them the mandate to “be fruitful and increase in number” (Genesis 1:28). This command given by God implies that human sexuality, including all its physical, emotional, and spiritual aspects, was part of God’s plan from the start. It is a gift to us, intended to fulfill two primary purposes in life – procreation and fostering an intimate bond between a husband and wife 1.

Sex Within Marriage

God designed marriage as a monogamous, permanent, and committed relationship between a man and a woman. This is notably illustrated by the biblical story of creation when God unites Adam and Eve, and states, “For this reason, a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and the two shall become one flesh” (Genesis 2:24). This divine design encapsulates the standard of appropriate sexual expression, and is beautifully mirrored in the holy union between Christ and His Church 2.

Procreation and Intimacy

As we have already mentioned, sex serves two primary functions according to the Bible: procreation and the expression of intimacy between a husband and wife. The mandate to “be fruitful and increase in number” highlights the importance of procreation as part of God’s original design. However, intimacy is equally important, as becoming “one flesh” symbolizes the deep and lifelong bond that is formed between a married couple, making it an essential aspect of a healthy marriage.

Proverbs and Song of Solomon: Celebrating marital love and sexuality

The Bible contains numerous passages that affirm the value of marital love and sexuality. One shining example is the Song of Solomon, which celebrates the beauty of the physical relationship between a husband and wife, and acknowledges both the pleasure and the pain that can arise from our experiences with sexuality 3. The Book of Proverbs also contains verses that encourage couples to rejoice in the love they share, and urges them to find satisfaction in the intimacy of their marital union. These passages demonstrate that the Bible sees human sexuality as a complex, multifaceted gift from God to be cherished and enjoyed within the boundaries of a monogamous, lifelong commitment.


  1. GotQuestions.org
  2. Human Sexuality | Moody Bible Institute
  3. Sexuality and Scripture: What Else Does the Bible Have to Say?

New Testament vs Old Testament Laws on Sexual Behavior

New Testament vs Old Testament Laws on Sexual Behavior
New Testament vs Old Testament Laws on Sexual Behavior

When exploring the Bible’s teachings on sexual behavior, it’s important to understand the differences between the Old and New Testament laws. The Old Testament, particularly in Leviticus 18 and Leviticus 20, presents a list of rules and regulations surrounding sexual conduct, from forbidden relationships to the consequences of certain actions. On the other hand, the New Testament, including passages like 1 Corinthians 6 and Ephesians 5, focuses more on the principles and values behind sexual relationships rather than outlining explicit laws.

In the Old Testament, certain sexual behaviors are explicitly prohibited, such as incest, adultery, and bestiality. The book of Leviticus provides a comprehensive list of forbidden relationships, aiming to protect the sanctity of marriage and maintain the purity of the Israelite community. While the New Testament doesn’t provide a similar list, it does uphold the teachings of the Old Testament, discouraging sexual immorality and emphasizing the importance of love and mutual respect within marital relationships.

The New Testament goes beyond the Old Testament’s rules and addresses the underlying motives and attitudes behind sexual behavior. For example, 1 Corinthians 6:9 emphasizes the importance of treating our bodies as temples and avoiding sexual immorality. In Ephesians 5:22-33, the apostle Paul points to the significance of the husband-wife relationship as a reflection of Christ’s relationship with the Church, urging married couples to love and cherish one another.

Moreover, Jesus himself addresses issues related to sexual behavior and moral conduct. Although He doesn’t provide a list of specific prohibitions, He focuses on the importance of having a pure heart and avoiding lustful thoughts and actions (Matthew 5:27-28).

In essence, both the Old and New Testaments address sexual behavior, but their approaches differ. The Old Testament establishes clear guidelines and prohibitions, while the New Testament emphasizes the principles of love, respect, and self-control that should guide our actions and relationships. By studying both testaments, we can gain a better understanding of God’s teachings on sexual behavior and how they apply to our lives today.

Sexual Morality and Prohibitions

what does the bible say about sex
Sexual Morality and Prohibitions

Adultery and Fornication

In the Bible, sexual immorality is strongly condemned. The scriptures provide guidance on proper sexual conduct within the context of marriage as well as prohibitions against adultery, fornication, and other forms of sexual misconduct.

The term “sexual immorality” broadly encompasses any sexual activity that occurs outside the bounds of a monogamous marriage between one man and one woman. In the context of the Bible, the word “adultery” refers to sexual relations between a married individual and someone other than their spouse. Fornication refers to sexual relations between two unmarried individuals.

Throughout scripture, we see various passages dealing with these issues. For example, in the Old Testament, the Ten Commandments specifically state, “You shall not commit adultery” (Exodus 20:14). Jesus also addresses adultery and fornication in the New Testament when he says, “But I tell you that anyone who looks at a woman lustfully has already committed adultery with her in his heart” (Matthew 5:28). Paul addresses the topic of fornication in 1 Corinthians 6:9, emphasizing that the sexually immoral will not inherit the kingdom of God.

Homosexuality and Other Practices

The Bible also includes prohibitions against homosexuality and other sexual practices that are considered sinful. In Leviticus 18, various forms of unlawful sexual practices are listed, including incest, bestiality, and homosexuality. The verse Leviticus 18:22 states, “Do not have sexual relations with a man as one does with a woman; that is detestable.”

New Testament passages also address the issue of homosexuality. In 1 Corinthians 6:9, Paul lists those who will not inherit the kingdom of God, which includes “men who have sex with men.” Additionally, in Romans 1:26-27, Paul describes the practice of homosexuality as shameful acts and a perversion of God’s natural design.

In our examination of the Bible, we see that it provides clear guidance on sexual morality and condemns various types of sexual immorality, such as adultery, fornication, homosexuality, and other practices. By following the teachings found in scripture, Christians can strive to maintain sexual purity and uphold the sanctity of marriage as intended by God.

Sex, Love, and Faithfulness

Sex, Love, and Faithfulness
Sex, Love, and Faithfulness

Importance of Love and Commitment

In the Bible, love and commitment are closely interconnected. Love and commitment between two individuals serve as the foundation for successful and strong relationships. For instance, Ephesians 5:25 states, “Husbands, love your wives just as Christ loved the church and gave himself up for her.” This verse emphasizes the importance of selfless love and dedication within a marriage, reflecting the depth of Christ’s love for the church.

Sex as an Expression of Love

Sex is romantic and divine within the context of a committed relationship, which is evident in the Song of Solomon. In the book, Solomon expresses his desire and love for his bride clearly, showcasing that sexual expression can be an essential aspect of a healthy, loving relationship. Through the Song of Solomon we see the importance of communication, intimacy, mutual respect, and joy in the union of two people who love each other.

  1. Communication: The couple in the Song of Solomon openly and honestly shares their feelings and desires.
  2. Intimacy: They establish a deep emotional and physical connection, revealing their love and vulnerability to each other.
  3. Mutual respect: Both partners honor and cherish one another, nurturing their love as it grows.
  4. Joy: Sex is portrayed as a celebration of love and pleasure between two committed individuals.

Faithfulness and Monogamy

The Bible also emphasizes faithfulness and monogamy in sexual relationships. It states that sex should be exclusive to a husband and wife [1 Corinthians 7:2]. Furthermore, the Bible warns against adultery and infidelity, as mentioned in the Ten Commandments, “You shall not commit adultery” (Exodus 20:14). These teachings underscore the principle that trust and loyalty are paramount in maintaining a fruitful and lasting relationship.

In summary, the Bible provides guidance on maintaining a healthy, loving relationship through the principles of love, commitment, and faithfulness. By embracing these values, we can foster strong, long-lasting relationships and work towards a fulfilling and enriching life together.

Sexual Ethics in Christian Living

what does the bible say about sex
Sexual Ethics in Christian Living

Defining Sexual Purity

In our Christian journey, we strive towards sexual purity by maintaining a heart and mind devoted to God and living in alignment with His standards for our relationships. We practice holiness and modesty to honor God both in our thoughts and actions. Scripture teaches us that sexual purity is a reflection of our obedience to God’s design for intimacy within the context of marriage. It warns against indulging in various forms of sexual immorality, including pornography.

Navigating Cultural Views

As we interact with the cultural views around us, it’s crucial to stay anchored in biblical principles. Our perspective on sexuality must be based on scriptural teachings, not simply on what modern culture suggests. The world may attempt to redefine sexuality or encourage permissive behaviors, however, we must remain grounded in biblical wisdom.

Living According to Biblical Wisdom

Within the Christian life, we discern between right and wrong by looking to the Bible as a source of absolute truth. To live according to its wisdom, we must prioritize our intimate relationship with God and adhere to His guidelines regarding sexual conduct. This includes cultivating an environment of respect, modesty, and purity within our relationships.

Scripture ReferenceTeaching on Sexual Ethics
1 Corinthians 6:18Flee from sexual immorality
Hebrews 13:4Honor marriage and remain faithful
Ephesians 5:3Keep the heart and mind pure
1 Thessalonians 4:3-5Practice self-control and sanctification

Consequences of Sexual Sins

When we deviate from God’s design for sexual purity, there are physical, emotional, and spiritual consequences. These may vary from fractured relationships and loss of trust to negative effects on our physical health and spiritual integrity. Recognizing the potential harm caused by sexual sins should motivate us to strive for a lifestyle that aligns with God’s standards.

The Debate Over Premarital Sex, Contraception, and Other Modern Issues

In the modern world, Christians face unique challenges as we attempt to navigate questions surrounding premarital sex, contraception, and other issues that may not have been explicitly addressed in Scripture. It’s essential to approach these topics by seeking biblical guidance and applying its timeless principles to our current context. We must remember that, at its core, the Bible promotes the sanctity of intimacy within the bounds of a committed marriage and teaches us to engage in these conversations with love and Christ-like compassion. Here is a helpful resource for exploring sexuality through a biblical lens.

Restoration, Redemption, and Hope

what does the bible say about sex
Restoration, Redemption, and Hope

Forgiveness for Sexual Sins

In the Bible, we often find instances where it provides guidance on how to deal with sexual sins. One of the key aspects in addressing these sins is the concept of forgiveness. We must understand that not only does God offer forgiveness for sexual sins, but He also calls upon us to forgive others who have sinned against us[^1^]. For example, the Bible teaches that a person who has committed adultery can be forgiven and restored if they repent and turn away from their sin[^2^]. This act of repentance and receiving forgiveness brings about a sense of renewal, as we are cleansed of our wrongdoings and given a fresh start[^3^].

The Redemptive Work of Christ

The redemptive work of Christ plays a central role in bringing forgiveness and restoration to those who may have committed sexual sins. Jesus, through His death and resurrection, has provided a way for us to be reconciled with God[^4^]. Through His sacrifice, our sins, including those related to sexuality, can be forgiven and washed clean[^5^]. Furthermore, the teachings of Paul illustrate that we are saved by grace through faith in Jesus Christ[^6^]. By acknowledging our sins and accepting the gift of salvation, we be transformed into a new creation[^7^].

Hope for a Holy Life

The Bible offers hope for living a holy life and maintaining sexual purity. Through the work of the Holy Spirit, we can find strength to resist temptation and receive wisdom to make wise choices[^8^]. By engaging ourselves in activities like prayer, Bible study, and fellowship with other believers, we can grow in our faith and become more Christ-like[^9^]. Ultimately, by relying on God’s grace and guidance, we can live lives that are marked by holiness and sexual integrity[^10^].

Frequently Asked Questions

what does the bible say about sex
Frequently Asked Questions

What scriptural passages address premarital sexual activity?

Scripture contains several passages that highlight the importance of waiting until marriage for sexual activity. For example, 1 Corinthians 6:18 states to “flee from sexual immorality,” emphasizing the significance of avoiding premarital sex. Additionally, Hebrews 13:4 encourages keeping the marriage bed pure, which implies that premarital sexual relations are not part of God’s plan.

How does the Bible depict sexual pleasure within marriage?

The Bible portrays sexual pleasure within marriage as a beautiful, God-given gift, meant to be enjoyed by a husband and wife. The Song of Solomon, for instance, provides a poetic and intimate insight into a married couple’s expression of love and sexual desire for one another. Their physical union is presented as a celebration of the love and commitment between them.

What are the biblical views on self-gratification?

The Bible does not explicitly address self-gratification, making it a topic of debate among Christians. Some interpret passages related to lust and impure thoughts, such as Matthew 5:28, as evidence that self-gratification is inappropriate. Others argue that because the Bible is silent on the matter, it should be considered a personal decision, made with thoughtfulness and prayer.

Does scripture provide guidance on sexual relations between spouses?

Scriptures such as 1 Corinthians 7:3-5 provide guidance on sexual relations between married couples. These verses emphasize the mutual responsibility spouses have towards each other regarding physical intimacy and the importance of not denying one another. The central message is to maintain a loving, selfless, and respectful attitude towards your spouse when expressing your sexual desires.

How does biblical forgiveness apply to sexual activities before marriage?

Biblical forgiveness applies to all sins, including sexual activities before marriage, upon genuine repentance. Psalm 51:17 showcases God’s acceptance of a truly contrite heart, and 1 John 2:1-2 reminds us that Jesus Christ serves as an advocate for us, providing atonement for our sins. We can take comfort in knowing that God’s grace and forgiveness are available even when we make mistakes in our sexual conduct.

What does the Bible teach about the boundaries of physical intimacy before marriage?

The Bible does not provide explicit instructions about specific boundaries for physical intimacy before marriage. However, it encourages purity, self-control, and honor in romantic relationships (1 Thessalonians 4:3-5). Couples must seek guidance through prayer and counsel to determine the appropriate boundaries in their relationship, keeping in mind the overarching goals of honoring God and guarding their hearts and bodies from temptation.

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